Before we see how to prevent oral cancer? Know that oral cancer (mouth cancer) is the most frequent type of head and neck cancer. It usually affects persons in their sixties and seventies. Your lips and the first parts of your tongue, as well as the roof and floor of your mouth, are all affected by oral cancer. Your oropharynx (the last section of your tongue and the roof of your mouth), tonsils, and the sides and back of your throat are also harmed.
Oral cancer, often known as mouth cancer, is a type of cancer that affects the inside of the mouth. Oral cancer can resemble a common symptom with your lips or mouth, such as white spots or bleeding sores. The difference between a common condition and cancer is that these alterations are permanent. Oral cancer can spread from your mouth and throat to other parts of your head and neck if left untreated. Five years after diagnosis, about 63 % of persons with oral cavity cancer are still living.
Types of oral cancers
Oral cancers include cancers of the:-
The cheek’s inner lining
The mouth’s floor
Palates (hard and soft)
When it comes to oral cancer, it’s usually your dentist who notices the earliest signs. Your dentist can stay up to date on your oral health by seeing you twice a year. Oral cancer is generally simpler for doctors to treat if found early. However, the majority of people receive a diagnosis when their ailment has advanced beyond the point where it can be properly treated. You’ll have a far higher chance of getting an early diagnosis if you visit your dentist or doctor on a regular basis and learn how to detect unusual changes.
What you need to know about oral cancer
Here are some other important facts about oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer:
- In general, men are twice as likely as women to be diagnosed with these cancers.
- The number of patients under the age of 50 has steadily increased, and these cancers can strike young adults in their twenties and thirties.
- Patients who survive their first bout with the disease are more likely to develop a second, related cancer. This increased risk can last between 5 and 10 years.
- Only a biopsy can accurately diagnose oral and oropharyngeal tumors and lesions.
- Although these cancers can all be found in one small area of the body, each has its own set of causes and treatments.
- Patients on immunosuppressive medications, particularly those who have had an organ transplant, are at an increased risk of developing head and neck cancer.
What Are the Oral Cancer Symptoms?
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of oral cancer:-
- Swellings/thickenings, lumps or bumps on the lips, gums, cheeks, or other places inside the mouth, rough spots/crusts/or degraded areas
- In the mouth, there are velvety white, red, or speckled (white and red) patches.
- Mouth bleeds for no reason
- Any part of the face, mouth, or neck that has unexplained numbness, loss of sensation, or pain/tenderness
- Sores on the face, neck, or lips that bleed readily and do not heal in two weeks
- A throbbing sensation or the sensation that something is stuck in the back of the neck
- Difficulties in chewing or swallowing, talking or moving the jaw or tongue
- Hoarseness, a chronic sore throat, or a change in voice are all signs that something is wrong.
- Ear pain
- Your jaw may swell or hurt. If you have dentures, you may find them uncomfortable or difficult to put in.
- Changes in your teeth or dentures fit
- Significant weight loss
Contact your dentist or a health care provider right away if you detect any of these changes. Tobacco and alcohol are the major causes of oral cancer in India. Tobacco and alcohol are both carcinogenic, meaning they contain substances that can harm cell DNA and cause cancer. You increase your risk of oral cancer if you drink alcohol or smoke. If you smoke and drink alcohol at the same time, you’re putting yourself in higher danger.
How quickly spreads oral cancer?
There are no hard and fast rules for when or if oral cancer will spread. Size is more of a factor. At the time of diagnosis, there is a 20 to 30% chance that a moderate-sized oral cancer has already spread to the lymph nodes.
What is the average life expectancy following mouth cancer?
If cancer is detected early, the overall 5-year survival rate for all people is 85%. At this stage, approximately 28% of oral and oropharyngeal cancers are diagnosed. The overall 5-year survival rate is 68% if cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or nearby lymph nodes.
Oral cancer treatment
For oral cancer, there are 3 major treatment options:-
- To guarantee that the cancer is entirely removed, surgery is used to remove the cancerous cells as well as a little amount of healthy tissue or cells from the surrounding area.
- Radiotherapy in which radiation beams are directed at cancerous cells
- Chemotherapy is a process in which powerful drugs are used to destroy cancer cells
These treatments are commonly used in combination. To help avoid cancer from recurring, surgery may be followed by a treatment of radiation.
Treatment will focus on protecting vital functions of the mouth, such as breathing, speaking, and eating, in addition to attempting to cure mouth cancer. Maintaining your mouth’s appearance will also be a main priority. You can protect your dental health by using Vithoba oral products. Vithoba products can help you maintain healthy teeth and gums. It’s also important to see your dentist on a regular basis, especially if you smoke or use a lot of alcohol. This is because many oral malignancies are discovered during normal dental visits. Early detection of oral cancer improves your chances of a cure and reduces the impact of the disease on your quality of life.
What are your options?
Self-examinations, healthy lifestyle choices, and regular dental visits can help detect oral cancer early, making it easier to treat. Make the following commitments in your life:⁃
- Check your mouth and neck for any of the above symptoms on a regular basis, and notify your dentist if you notice any of these or other changes.
- Avoid smoking and excessive drinking.
- Consume a diet high in fruits and vegetables.
- Use sunscreen and avoid spending long periods of time in the sun.
- As part of your dental visit, your dentist will check your mouth and neck for symptoms of oral cancer.
What are the treatments available for oral cancer?
Oral cancer, like any other cancer, is extremely treatable when detected early. The type of treatment, on the other hand, is determined by the stage of the disease and the region where it is discovered. Before creating the treatment plan, the patient’s overall health is taken into consideration. In many cases, a mix of treatments is required to provide the best results.
This is a disease called oral cancer, and it can happen in any part of your mouth. It can start in your tongue or gums, the palate (the roof of your mouth), under your tongue, the skin that lines your mouth, or your lips. Oral cancer is another name for mouth cancer. Oral cancer can occur in several ways. The type of oral cancer you have will dictate your treatment options. There are five stages of oral cancer, starting at zero and going up to four, and they all happen at the same time. The following are the treatment options for oral cancer:-
Surgery:– Surgery involves the surgical removal of tumors as well as a small margin of healthy tissue around them. Small tumors can be easily removed with simple surgery; however, large tumors necessitate significant surgery, which may include the removal of some jaw bone or tongue. These tumors can also benefit from newer technology such as LASER and robotic surgery.
Radiation Therapy:- This treatment often entails the use of high-energy radiation particles and X-rays that are directed at the affected area directly from outside the body. Oral cancers can be cured with brachytherapy, which involves implanting radioactive seeds inside the body to attack cancer cells.
Chemotherapy:– Chemotherapy is one of the most well-known cancer treatments. It consists of a single or a combination of powerful medicines that assist to destroy cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy is frequently combined with surgeries or radiotherapy in the treatment of oral cavity cancer.
Targeted Drug Therapy:- Monoclonal antibodies are used in this therapy to target cancer cells. On a molecular level, these antibodies stop cells from growing. As part of the patient’s oral cancer treatment plan, targeted medication therapy may be paired with other treatment options.
Use Vithoba oral care products to protect your dental health. Vithoba products can help keep teeth and gums healthy. Visit your dentist regularly, especially if you smoke or drink heavily. Because many oral cancers are found during routine dental appointments. Early identification of oral cancer increases cure rates and lowers the quality of life.
A person’s overall health is affected by their oral health, which is equally important to that their physical health. The doctors strive for both complete cancer removal and preservation of the appearance and functions of the mouth. What we need to do is regularly check the inside of the mouth for any changes and immediately report them to the doctors to prevent cancer from spreading.